The Greatest Challenges Facing Engineers; Development of Carbon Sequestration Methods

The following is a little bit of a hot button topic because it has to do with global warming. But the goal is still to minimize our carbon footprint.

So how do we accomplish this? And the major question is how much we as humans have impacted our co2 emissions.

Figure 1.

Now it’s important to understand why this is relevant. Carbon atoms essentially hold on to heat more than others, so the more carbon we emit into the atmosphere, the quicker our atmosphere heats up.

I believe it’s safe to say that there is a noticeable correlation within these graphs of carbon emissions vs. average global temperatures. Especially after 1950.

One option for a solution would be finding ways to heat our homes more efficiently in the design process. This can include double paned windows to increase insulation.

Another simpler and less of an engineering but still effective idea, is to use thicker curtains to cut down on the effects of outside air

To manage the usage of electricity by monitoring hot water usage, a thermostatic radiator valve (TRV) can be used.

Figure 3.

The essential operation of a TRV is that it operates dependent on a comparison between the water temperature and the room temperature. A dramatic change (this is very dependent upon the process engineering documentation, primarily the alarm and setpoints list) in a difference between the atmospheric temperature and the temperature of the water going through the valve, will trigger a close or open in the TRV.

This can primarily be done through programming. Typically these devices will operate between 0 and 24 volts. This is usually scaled to 0 to 100 percent using a scaling block within the program. In a typical household usage, these values will be predetermined.

There many more ideas. But these are just a few ways that we can diminish our carbon emitions.

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